Las Positas College

Botany 1

Fall Semester, 2007

 Required materials  Ground Rules  Laboratory schedule
 Grading Policies  Lecture/Discussion schedule  Back to page 1

Botany 1: General Botany. Not recommended to fulfill your laboratory science requirement.

Prerequisite: Math 55 or 55B or 55Y or an appropriate skill level demonstrated through the mathematics assessment process.

Recommended Prerequisite: Biology 31 completed with a grade of "C" or higher.

Instructor: Karen Brill Pihl (Mrs.)

Office Hours: 12:00-1:40 M, 3:10-4:50 Th, in office 2151; 1:20-2:10 F, in room 1806/1807; or by appointment.

Phone No.: 925-424-1359. Leave a message on the machine, if I am not there.

E-mail: kpihl@laspositascollege.edu

Website: http://lpc1.laspositascollege.edu/lpc/pihl/

 

Required Materials:

Recommended Materials:

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Grading Policies:
Your final grade in this course will be based on the scores of your examinations in the lecture/discussion portion (50%) and your performance in the laboratory portion (50%) as follows:

Lecture/Discussion:
Category Percentage Points
 Hour Examinations  31% (15.5% each)  400 
 In-class Quizzes

4% 

 50 

 Final Examination  15%  200 
 Lecture/Discussion Total:

50%

650 

Laboratory:
Category Percentage Points
 Practical Examinations  23% (8% each)  300 
 Laboratory Quizzes  8%  105 
 Field and Laboratory Reports   7   95 

Attendance All 150 points are required for any grade!

12% 150
 Laboratory Total:

50% 

650 

Class Total:
Category Points
 Lecture/Discussion Total

650 

 Laboratory Total

650 

 Class Total:

1300 

If you have earned 1185 points, you are guaranteed an A; 1070 points guarantee a B; 898 points a C; and 725 points guarantee at least a D. All of these totals include the 150 points for laboratory attendance. To earn a/an A, B, C, or D, you must have the 150 laboratory points. Your letter grade for each item will be indicated when it is returned. Three hour examinations in lecture will be given. If you take all three exams, your lowest score will be dropped. If you miss an exam, that is your lowest score. No make-up examinations will be given.

In-class quizzes are unannounced. You will be able to work with other classmates to answer the questions but not use your notes or the text. If you miss the class, you will receive a zero for the quiz. These quizzes cannot be made up.

Nine laboratory quizzes will be given. If you take all of the quizzes, your lowest two scores will be dropped. If you are late for class, you will not be allowed to take the quiz. If you miss a quiz, that is one of your lowest scores. No make-up quizzes will be given under any circumstances. Points are deducted for late laboratory and field reports. Reports are not accepted at all, if they are so late that they have been returned to the rest of the class.

A maximum of 40 points (20 points each) extra credit may be earned by presenting oral reports on 11 October and/or 13 December. The complete articles for these reports must be shown to the instructor by 10:30 am on 4 October and 6 December before the report. The articles must be from a scientific magazine, journal or on-line journal. The article must be three pages long. Information from a website is not acceptable. A page of instructions on how to do these reports is attached. Difficult articles and good presentations earn more points. A maximum of 15 points each may be earned by completing experiments 1,2 and/or 3 and turning in a written report of the results on 13 November, AND the plants you have grown. You must bring in the plants as well mid semester on 16 October. The appropriate number and kinds of plants must be turned in to receive credit for experiments 1 and 2. These last projects should be started at the beginning of the semester and are independent and individual. You will not receive credit, if your data matches that of someone else or if the answers to the questions are identical/similar. You must have plants to show me mid semester and to turn in at the end of the semester to receive credit.

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Ground Rules:
There are no make-up examinations in lecture or quizzes in lab. You forfeit the ability to drop your lowest score(s), if you miss a lecture exam or laboratory quiz. If you anticipate missing a laboratory practical or the final examination in lecture, please inform the instructor in advance. If you are ill and miss either of these examinations, you must contact the instructor that day (925-424-1359) and leave a message which includes a phone number and time when you can be reached. Twenty points will be deducted from your score unless you can document that you have been under the care of a physician. Failure to attend the final examination may result in an "F" grade, if arrangements are not made that day or before.

Completion of all laboratory work is mandatory in order to receive a passing grade in this course. You should inform the instructor in advance, if you know that you will miss a lab. You must arrange to make up missed laboratory work within one week following the lab. No more than one laboratory may be made up during the semester unless extenuating circumstances exist. You are responsible for determining a time to make up the lab when the instructor will be present and that the supplies you need will be retained by the Laboratory Technician. The only times available for make-up labs will be when the instructor is in the lab with another class or holding office hours in the Science Center (1:00 pm-3:50 pm, Wednesday; 10:30 am-2:10 pm on Friday). You will need to inform me in advance that you will be coming to make up a lab. All make-up labs must be turned in. Some labs can only be done on the scheduled day. If you miss one of these laboratories or a field trip, a research paper will be assigned. You will receive an Incomplete grade for the class, if you have not completed all the labs. It will be your responsibility to obtain an extension of this grade from the Vice-President of Student Services during the spring semester so that you may do the lab missed the following fall. This will delay your grade in Botany for one full calendar year. Needless to say the best policy is to attend every lab. The "I" will automatically change to an "F", if the "I" is not cleared.

You will receive 150 points at the end of the semester, if you have attended every lab and field trip. If you miss a lab or field trip or leave the lab early, five points will be subtracted from this total. Making up the lab will not gain you the five points. Arriving late results in a two point deduction.

Laboratories in this class may require additional work at unscheduled times. You should NOT expect that all of the experiments will be finished in the three-hour laboratory period and to adjust your schedule accordingly. This is typical of the real world of scientific research.

For some laboratories you will be randomly assigned to groups. You will work together and write a single report. All students in the group will receive the same grade. As part of the report you will include a work sheet signed by all members of the group indicating the share of the work each individual did on the assigment. If there is a problem with a member of your group, you should inform me as soon as possible, preferably before the report is due.

If you are absent for a total of four consecutive or six cumulative lecture classes you may be dropped from the class unless you have explained your absences to the instructor. If your behavior is disruptive or immature, you will be asked to leave the class and you must see the instructor before returning. It is important to recognize that the instructor cannot drop you after the "W" deadline.

Dropping the class. If you decide not to continue in the class, please use CLASS-Web or go to Admissions and Records and drop yourself. You do not need to involve the instructor. Do not assume that the instructor will drop you for not attending the class.

If you are caught cheating, a report may be submitted to the Vice President of Student Services for investigation and disciplinary action. Examples of cheating: copying test or quiz answers, copying lab reports or answers to questions on the lab report, copying someone else's data from lab, copying material verbatim out of a book or from the internet, not citing sources of information in a report. If you either give your lab report to another student or copy a lab report or portions of it, you will receive a zero for the report. If you copy quiz or test answers from another student, or change answers on a returned quiz/exam, the grade for that quiz/exam will constitute one of the dropped grades. Reports must be submitted to www.turnitin.com the day they are due as well as to the instructor in order to receive credit.

Manners and success tips. Be on time. Don't come in late and slam the door or scrape your chair on the floor. Enter quietly. Come to every class. Read all of the assigments. It is especially important to read the labs in advance. Take notes and read them as soon as possible after each class. Make an outline of the important points in the lecture. Clarify what you do not understand--come to office hours, send an email, form a study group, sign up for a tutor in the Assessment and Tutorial Center (1000). Resist the urge to fall asleep. Not only will you not learn anything while snoozing, but also it really annoys the instructor (something you want to avoid). Bring something to write with and on. Bring Scan-Tron sheets on the day we have quizzes or exams. Make sure that your pencil is sharp before the instructor begins. Tearing open your candy bar wrapper or chips bag is disrupting to the class.

Cell phones must be put away during lecture and lab. Reading your messages or text messaging during class will result in 20 points being deducted from your total accumuated points.

You may not eat or drink anything in the laboratory, including water. On laboratory days you must wear shoes with closed toes or you will not be allowed to enter the lab.

 

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LECTURE/DISCUSSION SCHEDULE:
Dates Topic Text Chapters/Pages
8/21, 8/23

Introduction to Botany 1.

Why would anyone want to learn about plants?

1,21
8/28-9/6

The cell, what's inside?

3 (35-58), 4 (77-78, 84-85)
**9/3

Last day for NGR using CLASS-Web (in person--8/31)

HOLIDAY

 
9/11, 9/13

The kinds of cells you would find in a plant

23, 22 (497-500), 26 (585-591)

**9/18

HOUR EXAMINATION # 1

Lecture exams cover material from the lecture and the text but NOT from the laboratory. Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.

1,21, 3 (35-58), 4 (77-78, 84-85), 23, 22 (497-500) , 26 (585-591), interactions among organisms (lab)
9/20-10/2
A little chemistry

2, 5 (94-100), 9 (163-174)

9/27

Field Trip to Hayward Shoreline. Be there by 8:00 am (low tide). Transportation is provided or you may arrive on your own. The field trip begins at Hayward Shoreline. You are expected to attend the field trip and are responsible for material concerning it. If it is not possible for you to participate, a library research paper will be assigned. Bring shoes/boots for mud. Dress in layers. Lecture today will be at 12:30 PM
 
10/4-10/18

Photosynthesis

7
10/9

Field Trip to University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley

Transportation is provided or you may arrive on your own. There is a fee to park the car. The field trip begins at U.C. Be there by 9:30 am. You are expected to attend the field trip and are responsible for material concerning it. If it is not possible for you to participate, a library research paper will be assigned. Wear walking shoes or hiking boots and long pants. Bring water.

 
10/23

Cellular respiration

 6
10/25

The different kinds of plants. Plant classification

12, Appendix 1 (A-1-A-7)
**10/30

HOUR EXAMINATION # 2

Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.

2, 5 (94-100), 9 (163-174), 7, 6, 12, Appendix 1 (A-1-A-7)

11/1, 11/6 The PRT (Plant Rapid Transit System)--Movement of water and dissolved substances Videotape: Diffusion and Osmosis (MV 23339)
4 (71-77), 30
11/8, 11/13

The mineral elements necessary for plants. Where they come from, how they get in.

29, 4 (78-85)
**11/9

Last day for W using CLASS-Web and in person)

HOLIDAY

 
11/15, 11/27

Hormones. What they do in the plant.

  27, 10(188-194)
**11/20

HOUR EXAMINATION #3

Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.
 4(71-85), 30, 29
 **11/22
HOLIDAY
 
11/29

The effect of external factors (light, temperature, touch) on plants

 28
12/4

Population ecology

11
12/6 12/11

Ecosystem ecology, biomes

31, 32 (on the web, not in the text book, www.whfreeman.com/raven)
12/13

Flowering plant evolution

20
**12/18

FINAL EXAMINATION, 7:30-9:20 am

Bring a 200-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.

 

 

 

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LABORATORY SCHEDULE:
Dates Topic Exercise & Activities Text Chapter (reference)

8/21

Laboratory Safety. How to use a microscope. Use of the microscope for study of plant cells. MV22207--last segment. 4.1-6 3
8/23

The root and the apical meristem

Cone observation exercise

Videotape: A Twentieth Century Medicine Man (MV21949). 1/2 hour

5.1-4, 6-7 24, 14 (291-294), 29 (656-659)
8/28

Internal structure and function of roots

Begin extra-credit experiments

QUIZ # 1

6.1-4

1-3

24

see pp. 36-39 in lab supplement

8/30 Herbaceous stems 7.1-10 25
9/4

Plant names and how to find them. Plant addresses (lecture)

QUIZ # 2 . Includes prelab from website about the field trip

Slide-Tape: California Plant Communities

Videotape: Discovering the cell (MV21340)

 

 

12, 31 (on text book website)

 

see pp. 45-50 in lab supplement

9/6

Identification of Local Trees.

Field Trip to Sunol Regional Wilderness

Transportation is provided or you may arrive on your own. The field trip begins at Sunol. You are expected to attend the field trip and are responsible for material concerning it. If it is not possible for you to participate, a library research paper will be assigned. Wear walking shoes or hiking boots and long pants. Bring water and insect repellant.

  see pp. 53-69 in lab supplement
9/11

Woody stems I: Woody stem anatomy. The gymnosperm stem

Videotape: Living Together (MV21531, v.5)

8.1-2

26

9/13

Woody stems II: Anatomy of the advanced woody stem. The angiosperm stem.

Interactions among species (lecture)

QUIZ # 3

9.1-4 26
9/18

Woody stems III: External and internal features of growth

10.1-8 26
9/20

Leaves I: External features

Succession (lecture) and slides

Videotape: Death Trap (MV 21532)

11.1-5

25

31 (13-18) on the web

29 (p. 655), see p. 51 in lab supplement

9/25

Leaves II: Internal structures

QUIZ # 4--Includes Hayward Shoreline prelab.

12.1-9 25
9/27

Field Trip to Hayward Shoreline.

For further information about the area see Hayward Regional Shoreline.

A map of the area.

Ecological Study. Hayward Shoreline

The field trip begins and ends at the Shoreline. Lab begins at 8:00 am.

 

see pp. 71-109 in lab supplement

**10/2

LABORATORY EXAMINATION # 1

11:30 am

Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.

4-12, and the field trips -
10/4

Cladistics

Extra-credit report articles must be approved by 10:30 am. You must bring the original or a photocopy of the entire article. The article must be at least three pages long and be from a scientific magazine, journal or online journal (not just a website). It cannot be from a newspaper or everyday magazine. Presentations will be 11 October.

handout 12
10/9

Field trip to the Botanical Garden, University of California, Berkeley.

Transportation is provided or you may arrive on your own. The field trip begins at U.C. You are expected to attend the field trip and are responsible for material concerning it. If it is not possible for you to participate, a library research paper will be assigned. Wear walking shoes or hiking boots and long pants. Bring water.

handout  
10/11

Bacteria and blue-green algae

Fungi I: Primitive fungi and slime molds

Extra-credit Reports

19.4, 5

20.2, 4

13

14, 15

10/16

Fungi II: The higher fungi

Videotape: Mushrooms and Fungi (MV21977) 28 min

Bring in your plants for mid-semester check, if you are doing the extra-credit projects.

21:1-11 14
10/18

Green algae, euglenoids and lichens

QUIZ # 5

22.1, 4, 5, 8, 10, 11 14,15
10/23

Brown algae, red algae and golden-brown algae.

Videotape: Biology of Algae (MV 22198)

 24.1-5 15
10/25

Mosses and liverworts

QUIZ # 6

Videotape: The First Forests (Vid. 575--mosses, Alameda County Library)

25.1, 2, 4-10 16
10/30

Lower vascular plants: Ferns, club mosses, horsetails and Psilotum

Videotape: The First Forests (Vid. 575--ferns, Alameda County Library)

26.1-10 17
11/1

Cone-bearing seed plants

QUIZ # 7

Videotape: The First Forests (Vid. 575--cycads and conifers, Alameda County Library)

27.2-6

 

18

 

11/6

Flowering seeds plants

Videotape: Sexual Encounters of the Floral Kind (VMV 20961)

28:1-7

19

see p. 52 in the supplement

11/8

Flowers, The effects of gibberellic acid on wild-type and rosette plants

QUIZ # 8

13.1-6

Gibberellic acid Handout

19, 20, 27

see pp. 110-114 in lab supplement 

 

11/13

Fruits

Extra-credit laboratory reports with the plants are due. They are not accepted late.

 14.1-3 20
11/15

LABORATORY EXAMINATION # 2

11:30 am

Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron and a pencil with eraser.

Record plant height from point of attachment of the cotyledons to the tip and begin to treat with gibberellin/water.

  field trip, cladistics, 19-22, 24-28, 13-14
11/20

The spice of life

Videotape: Branching Out (MV21531, v. 1)

Spice of Life Handout 27(482-483)
**11/22 HOLIDAY    
11/27

The spice of life (continued)

 

Spice of Life Handout  
11/29

Photosynthesis

Finish Spice of Life and The effects of gibberellic acid on wild-type and rosette plants. Record plant height from point of attachment of the cotyledons to the tip.

QUIZ # 9

Videotape: Photosynthesis: Life Energy

16.1-8  7
12/4

Water relations: Osmosis and diffusion

15.2-5 4, 31
12/6

Finish water relations

Extra-credit report articles must be approved by 10:30 am. You must bring the original or a photocopy of the entire article. The article must be at least three pages long and be from a scientific magazine, journal or online journal (not just a website). It cannot be from a newspaper or everyday magazine. Presentations will be on 12/13

Videotape: Water in Plants (MV21926)

15.6-12  
**12/11

LABORATORY EXAMINATION #3

11:30

Bring a green, 100-question Scan-Tron, and a pencil with eraser.

15 -16, The Spice of Life , The Effects of Gibberellic Acid  
12/13

Plant movement and growth responses to stimuli

Extra-credit oral reports

Videotape: Tropisms (MV21984). 14 min.

18.1-4, 6-8

28, 29

6/14/06

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PROCEDURE FOR ORAL EXTRA-CREDIT REPORTS:

1. Select an article from a current (published within the last three years) periodical that relates to the course you are taking. (If you are in Botany, it should be about some botanical or ecological problem or principle.) Examples of periodicals in the Las Positas LRC that may be used are:

 

 Sample Periodicals:  
American Forests National Geographic
Audubon National Wildlife
Bioscience Natural History
California Wild Nature
Chemical and Engineering News Nature Conservancy
Discover Science
Environment Scientific American
JAMA Sierra
  Smithsonian

Livermore, Dublin and Pleasanton Libraries are also sources of science periodicals. EBSCO host is a good source of articles.

2. The article must be at least three pages long. Short newspaper articles are not acceptable, nor are articles from popular magazines such as Reader's Digest, Muscle and Fitness, Good Housekeeping. Online journals or periodicals from the internet may be used; however, you may not give a report simply about information from a particular website. Acceptable sites should have a date and volume. If you are not certain, ask your instructor before the deadline date for approval.

3. Read the article to make certain you understand basically what it is about. (It is impossible to present an oral report on something that makes no sense to you.)

4. Bring the entire article (or a copy) to lab on the deadline date or before; this is usually one-two weeks before the reports are scheduled. Your article must be approved by the instructor in advance. Articles are not approved after the deadline.

5. You may use notes and audiovisual material. If you require media equipment, you need to inform the instructor one class period in advance of the presentation. Since we use old computers, make certain before the day of the presentation that one of the two computers will read your file (we have old software on old computers). If your are using the latest version of PowerPoint, you will probably need to save your presentation in an older version. Be sure to test this before the day of the presentation.

6. Your report should last 10-15 minutes. Make certain you announce the name of the article, author(s) and the date of the periodical.

7. No written material is to be turned in. This is not intended to be a research paper on a particular subject. Only one article is to be used.

8. Points are awarded based on the difficulty of the article, use of audiovisual materials and the quality of the presentation. Try not to simply read from your notes.

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7/12/07