Psychology 1-Spring 2001

Study Guide for Chapter 3

Here are a number of terms and concepts drawn from chapter 3 with which you should be familiar. As noted on earlier guides, don't just prepare a basic definition for the terms, but rather be familiar with what's given in the text regarding each term.

1. What's the difference between sensation and perception?



2. What are sensory receptors? How many senses do we have?



3. What is transduction? What is its purpose?



4. What is sensory deprivation? How do subjects respond to sensory deprivation?



5. What is a sensory threshold? What's the difference between the absolute threshold and the difference threshold?



6. What is signal detection theory?



7. What is subliminal perception? How is it used?



8. What is sensory adaptation? Why is this process important?



9. What are rods and cones? What is the function of each?



10. What are the fovea and the blind spot?



11. What are two theories for explaining color vision? How do they differ?



12. How does dark adaptation occur?



13. For pages 91-103 refer to the chart hand-out.



14. What is selective attention?



15. Who were the Gestalt psychologists? Be able to identify one psychologist very closely connected to Gestalt psychology.



16. What does the term figure-ground refer to ?



17. What is an illusion? How do they occur?



18. With regard to pattern recognition, what are templates?



19. What are at least 3 monocular cues used in depth perception?



20. What evidence is there that perception is innate or learned? (recall the nature-nurture controversy)



21. Which position (innate or learned) is supported by the "inverted goggles" research?



22. What is the "psi process?" What are four types of psi process?