LAS POSITAS COLLEGE
STUDY GUIDE - CHAPTER 6
SPRING, 2001

Here are a number of terms and concepts from chapter six with which to be familiar in preparation for the second midterm.

1. What's the definition of memory?



2. Who is H. Ebbinghaus?



3. What is the significance of looking at memory as Information Processing?



4. What are the three components of the Information Processing approach?



5. What are the three means of storing information in memory? Be able to identify and describe each. How do they differ from one another? What are the characteristics of each?



6. What are three types of information stored in memory?



7. How does STM appear to work?



8. What is the serial position curve?



9. What's the difference between the word-length effect and the word-similarity effect?



10. What is meant by phonological storage?



11. What is chunking?



12. What is elaborative rehearsal?



13. What is the "tip-of-the-tongue-phenomenon?"



14. What is meant by levels of processing? What's the difference between shallow processing and deep processing?



15. What is retrieval?



16. How is "organization" related to effective retrieval? How about "hierarchies?"



17. What are retrieval cues? What are some examples?




18. What do the following terms mean?

a. Context dependent memory

b. State-dependent retrieval

c. Mood dependent memory




19. What are mood congruence effects and how do they impact retrieval? Be sure to check out figure 6.6 on page 219.



20. How does the trace decay hypothesis explain forgetting? Does current research support the hypothesis?



21. How does interference impact forgetting?



22. What's the difference between retroactive and proactive interference? What's the difference between the two? Be able to read an example of forgetting and identify whether the forgetting most likely is the result of retroactive or proactive forgetting.




23. What is repression?



24. What is the current status of research on the validity of repression?



25. What is intentional forgetting? Be sure to take a c



26. What is autobiographical memory and how is it studied?



27. What is infantile amnesia and what are two possible explanations for it that have most recently been replaced by a third explanation?



28. What is a "flashbulb" memory? Be able to describe such a memory you have experienced.





29. What are some major sources of memory distortion? What is a schema and how do schemas relate to memory distortion?



30. What is memory construction? What are the controversies associated with memory construction?



31. Under what condition are events that didn't actually happen most likely to accepted as truthful by individuals?



32. What's the current view on the reliability of "eyewitness testimony?"




33. What are two types of amnesia and how do they differ?



34. What's the difference between explicit and implicit memory?




35. What's the significance of amyloid beta protein? What do we know about memory loss in Alzheimer's Disease?




36. How are explicit and implicit memory related to brain structures (see table on page 238)?